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30 September 2017

The Overview of Japan Kindergarten Education System


The Japanese have a distinctive character. They are known as hardworking, independent and disciplined. This is certainly related to the system of child education that is applied, especially children's education system at an early age. Independent and hard-working characters are not formed instantly, but because of the effort that is put into practice through the habit of parenting.

Child Education System Started From Age 0-4 Years

Early childhood education is divided into two forms, hoikuen and youichien or kindergarten. In Japan, nuns or babysitters educate their own sons or leave them on hoikuen, if the mother is a career woman working outside the home.

Whatever the choice of the mother, the child is taught to be independent. Starting from the habit of educating children to be able to eat themselves until the age of two years. No wonder if the mother is very creative food mixing for children. For example the rice is formed small balls to make it easier for children to eat it with a spoon or chopsticks, vegetables and side dishes are sliced ​​into small pieces, plus a funny cutlery that stimulates children's interest.

In hoikuen, the children whose mothers are workers are entrusted from 7 am to 7 pm. All activities are done together, like eating, sleeping and playing. They were educated to tidy their own cutlery, pick up the toys, then roll out their own bedding, and sleep without having to be picked up or persuaded.

The Same Quality of Primary Schools in Each Area, Facilitating Children to Go and Go Home.

One of the goodness of children's education system in Japan is, the location of primary school is determined from the location of residence. All primary schools are generally public schools that eliminate all costs. In addition, all primary schools have the same quality so there is no favorite school. That way, parents do not need to picky schools. This condition certainly makes children more easily educated to go and go home own school without the need to be escorted or picked up.

Education focuses on morals and responsibilities

Moral is the main thing given to all aspects of education. This is indicated by the absence of a special subject on morals. This is because moral has always been the main value emphasized for all subjects.

In early childhood, children are not taught to read or write. Children's activities are often performed singing, playing, listening to sensei telling stories, exercising, and learn to be responsible to him. In addition, children are also taught to appreciate art and beauty. There is no rewards or punishment system so the child does not get caught up in the competition that gives rise to hatred. The school policy in Japan does not impose the issue of not going to the next class and every child in the same class has been ascertained.

Train Children's Sensitivity and Creativity. The purpose of education in Japan, one of them is to develop curiosity. They are trained to be sensitive to the environment and have an interest in both natural and man-made objects. Especially in early childhood, children are taught to cultivate their creativity by freeing them to draw, sing songs, create simple rhythms, and express their imagination with gestures or words. This can be seen on the school walls filled with children's work.

Not only that, in elementary school too many children are taught household skills, such as cooking, sewing and even skills using tools. With such a child education system, it is not surprising that Japan has grown rapidly as a country with a very independent population and respect for work ethic. The embedded habit of avoiding a person grows into a lazy person who has no responsibility.
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